HTML Tutorial – Tim Berners-Lee, then a contractor at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research), devised a way in the late 1980s for scientists to share documents over the Internet. Before that, Internet communication had been limited to plain text, using technologies such as email, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), and Usenet-based discussion boards.
HTML used a content model stored on a central server but transferable to a local workstation and view able in a browser, simplifying access to content and making “rich” content possible (such as sophisticated text formatting and images). HTML is derived from SGML, which is a complex syntax for marking up or binding of content (text or graphics) in documents; as of HTML5, HTML no longer attempts to adhere to SGML syntax.
HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
- HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
- HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
- HTML elements are represented by tags
- HTML tags label pieces of content such as “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, and so on
- Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page.
Before proceeding with this tutorial you should have a basic working knowledge with Windows or Linux operating system, additionally you must be familiar with:
- Experience with any text editor like notepad, notepad++, or Editplus etc.
- How to create directories and files on your computer.
- How to navigate through different directories.
- How to type content in a file and save them on a computer.
- Understanding about images in different formats like JPEG, PNG format.
This is my first programme... <!-- We use this syntax to write comments --> <!-- Page content and rest of the tags here.... --> <!-- This is the actual area that gets shown in the browser -->